: History textbooks for students at government-run schools in Haryana will read different this year on. Among the prominent changes is a commentary on the role of Congress before Partition – the party leadership’s “greed for power” is identified as one of the prime causes of Partition, while another weighs in on its “tushtikaran ki niti (appeasement politics)”.
The other alterations made to the course text by the Board of School Education Haryana (BSEH) include a reduction in weightage for the Mughal dynasty, introduction of chapters on Veer Savarkar and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the term ‘Indus Valley Civilisation’ being replaced with ‘Saraswati Indus Civilisation’, and describing the 1857 uprising as the first struggle for Indian independence, not a sepoy mutiny, which originated not in Meerut (UP) but in Ambala (Haryana).
The board has, on its website, pulled down links to history books of previous years and replaced them with the new ones. Over 10 lakh copies of the textbooks will be distributed to students of government schools and private institutions affiliated to BSEH from May 20 onwards, board officials told TOI.
The board said revisions had been made in line with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which emphasises the Indian knowledge system. Chapters on ancient texts such as Ramayana and the Vedas, Saraswati Indus civilization, and the resistance put up by Indian princes against Mughals have been included in textbooks of classes 6 to 8.